Cleft Lip And Palate Treatment In Trivandrum

Cleft Lip and Palate Correction Treatment

When tissues in the developing baby’s face and mouth don’t correctly fuse, causes birth abnormalities such as cleft lip and cleft palate.

In the second and third months of pregnancy, the facial tissues that form the lip and palate fuse together. This fusing of tissues either never happens or happens just partially in infants who have cleft lip and cleft palate, resulting in significant facial deformities.

Oral Tech Multi Speciality Dental Clinic provides cleft lip & palate correction treatment in Trivandrum.

cleft lip and palate correction treatment in Trivandrum

Cleft Lip And Palate

Multiple genetic and environmental variables interact to create a cleft lip and cleft palate. The mother’s possible drug use during her pregnancy is still another possible factor.

Anti-seizure/anticonvulsant pharmaceuticals, acne treatments containing Accutane, and anti-cancer therapies like Methotrexate are among the medications with a history of causing cleft lip and cleft palate.

Additionally, exposure to viruses or chemicals while the embryo is developing in the womb can result in cleft lip and cleft palate. Smoking during pregnancy, diabetes, obesity and an older mother are additional risk factors.

One to two babies out of every 1000 are born with a cleft lip and palate. Males are nearly twice as likely as females to have a cleft lip, although females are more likely to have a cleft palate without a cleft lip.

Cleft lip surgery is performed during the first few months of life and is advised between the ages of 6-9. Within the first 12 to 18 months of age, or sooner if possible, surgical correction of the cleft palate is advised.

8 As they age, many children will require additional surgical correction operations. A surgical fix may enhance a child’s facial look as well as their ability to feed themselves and develop their speech and language.

In fact, the comprehensive management of patients with cleft lip and palate requires a multidisciplinary team.

Pediatric Cleft Lip and Palate

Children frequently develop abnormalities like cleft lip and palate. In the second and third months of pregnancy, the lips and palate develop in the foetus. They are constructed from facial features that gradually combine and grow together.

There can sometimes be an incomplete union and a cleft. The lip, the alveolar ridge (jaw), and the palate are the three areas of the face where clefts are most frequently found.

Sometimes the gap is totally apparent, other times it only affects a section of the lip or palate. Additionally, the cleft can be unilateral (one-sided) or bilateral (two-sided), manifesting itself in a variety of ways.

A cleft palate affects one out of every 500 babies. Compared to other parents, those whose parents have had cleft malformations are more likely to give birth to children who have clefts.

Parents who already have a child with a cleft malformation have the risk of having another child with the same condition. Despite this, the danger is still rather modest.

Depending on the type of cleft, each child assigned to the Cleft Center at Oral Tech Dental Clinic has a unique treatment plan. The outpatient clinic will see kids with cleft lip and palate issues. The Cleft Surgeon will next explain the deformity and the course of treatment to them.

Following a clinical evaluation, parents are given sufficient information regarding the deformity, general care, and the proposed course of therapy. A consultation with the orthodontist is also scheduled as part of the session. The speech pathologist also attends the initial appointment and gives information regarding speech, swallowing, and upcoming follow-ups.

Hearing and Ears

Early and routine hearing tests are recommended since they are crucial for the development of speech and language. The likelihood of middle ear infection is higher in children who have cleft lip and palate. As a result, early hearing testing is necessary, and if a hearing is impaired, therapy should be given.

The Eustachian tube's function

The cleft palate in children with cleft lip and palate frequently results in Eustachian tube dysfunction. Eustachian tube controls the middle ear pressure, which connects the pharynx and middle ear. Normal hearing requires equal and normal pressure. Chronic middle ear inflammation may occur if the Eustachian tube is not working properly.


A speech pathologist records and evaluates speech and palate function in patients with cleft lip and palate or just cleft palate on many occasions and concurrently with visits to the cleft team. From a young age, the speech therapist can give advice on speaking, feeding, and oral motor development.


At the age of 6 1/2 to 8 years, orthodontic treatment for teeth will begin. When the patient is 12 to 14 years old, the final stage of orthodontic treatment is often carried out.

An orthodontist is involved in monitoring the growth and development of the jaws, teeth, and occlusion from an early age.

Active orthodontic therapy is frequently necessary before a bone transplant in children. Once all permanent teeth have erupted, the next stage of therapy is often started (12-14 years). Fixed orthodontic equipment is typically used during orthodontic therapy. If there are any teeth missing in the cleft region, a prosthesis can be used to fill the gap or orthodontics can be used to close it.

Before the patient is 18 to 20 years old, the prosthodontic procedure will begin. You can utilize a traditional crown and bridge or a titanium implant.


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